Dunbar Castle Photo, History, Architect, Location, Eastern Scottish Fortress Building Image

Dunbar Castle, East Lothian

Historic Property in East Lothian, Scotland – Ancient Scottish Architecture, from the 12th Century

22 Sep 2013

Please check with owners for details such as access (prohibited at time of writing)

Edinburgh & Lothian

Ruin: Dunbar, East Lothian

Dunbar Castle Photos

Location: North of A1087 at north end of Dunbar harbour

Dunbar Castle

New photos taken in September 2013:

Dunbar Castle, East Lothian fortress
photo © Adrian Welch

Dunbar Buildings

No larger images for thumbnails below, apologies

Dunbar Castle
Dunbar Castle context photo © Adrian Welch

Set on a headland jutting into the North Sea, the old red sandstone ruin dates to the 12th century when it was a Cockspatrick family stronghold. This courtyard-castle was one of the most impregnable fortresses in what is now East Lothian.

Dunbar Castle

It was located on the rocks of the headland and incorporated a natural cavern below (now exposed) which may have formed part of the dungeon and undoubtedly acted as a postern-gate allowing supplies to be brought in by boat. For five months, the castle was defended by Black Agnes, Countess of Dunbar, against a siege by the English, under the in 1338 Earl of Salisbury. Sir Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie most likely made use of the postern in relieving the castle. It was later dismantled to prevent English occupation, becoming a pawn in the Anglo-Scottish treaties of the time.

Dunbar Castle

Rebuilt by James IV in 1494, both town and Castle were burned by the Earl of Shrewsbury who was returning to England after attacking Haddington. Dunbar Castle is also associated with Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-87), acting as her refuge in 1566, after the death of her secretary David Rizzio, and again in 1567 following the murder of her husband, Darnley. When Mary’s third husband Bothwell came to Dunbar having escaped from Carberry Hill in the same year, the castle was surrounded to the new Regent, James Stuart (Earl of Moray) and ordered to be dismantled by the Scottish Parliament.

Dunbar Castle ruin Scotland

The castle was further destroyed by inventor Robert William Thomson (1822-73) to permit the construction of the entrance to the new Victoria Harbour in the 1840s. Thomson developed the novel technique of firing explosive charges by electricity especially for this task. Today little remains of this once grand fortress.

East Lothian fortress ruins

Scottish Castles in Edinburgh & Lothian

Historic Lothian Building

Ancient Lothian Buildings – key selection:

Crichton Castle
Crichton Castle
Ancient Lothian building photo © Adrian Welch

Hailes Castle, East Lothian – located southwest of East Linton

Dundas Castle

Craigmillar Castle – on the southeast edge of Edinburgh

Borthwick Castle

These East Lothian fortress photos © Adrian Welch

Glasgow School of Art
Glasgow School of Art
Historic Scottish building photo © Adrian Welch

Kelvingrove Gallery
Kelvingrove Gallery
Old Glaswegian prperty photo : David Barbour / BDP

Comments / photos for the Dunbar Castle Architecture, East Lothian, Scotland, United Kingdom, page welcome.