Glasgow School of Art, Rennie Mackintosh, Architect, Photo, Refurbishment, Date
Glasgow School of Art
Rennie Mackintosh Building – Modern Architecture Scotland, UK
22 Apr 2016
Glasgow School of Art Campus Plans
Glasgow School of Art Campus Development Plans
Glasgow School of Art unveils major campus development plans:
· Restored Mackintosh Building returns as heart of expanded Garnethill campus.
· The Mackintosh Building to return to its original academic configuration as home for all first year students
· The GSA to extend campus to include the former Stow College site.
· Stow Building to be refurbished imaginatively, and bring together all pathways in the School of Fine Art in one building for the first time in over 50 years. BDP appointed as project architects
Glasgow School of Art Research Week Events
25 Mar 2016 – GSA unveils Research Week events including The Mackintosh Library: Reflection, Recovery, Restoration, and Research
• Public also get rare chance to see the recently released 3d visualisations of “the Mack” on the mammoth screen in Lab 1 at the DDS
• Two leading international voices on urbanism (Brian Evans, GSA and Jim Stockard, Harvard) engage in the social housing debate
• MEARU unveils latest initiative to help to improve understanding of the need to ventilate particularly in new-build housing.
Glasgow School of Art Events
The Mackintosh Building News
23 Dec 2015 – Work to strip out the west wing of The Mackintosh Building will commence in January 2016. It is expected to be completed by the end of April. The appointment of the Principal Contractor will be finalised in May 2016 with the restoration work set to begin in the summer.
Glasgow School of Art Restoration
23 Nov 2015 – The restoration of Glasgow School of Art building is due to cost up to £35m, with work projected to start next summer and be completed by 2018, according to a timetable issued by the restoration team, reports Construction News Scotland.
22 Jul 2015
Prince Charles Visits the Mackintosh Building
The Glasgow School of Art’s Patron, HRH The Duke of Rothesay (Prince Charles), visits the Mackintosh Building
The Glasgow School of Art’s Patron, HRH The Duke of Rothesay (The Prince of Wales), visited the Mackintosh Building on the 24th of June 2015. The visit offered an opportunity for His Royal Highness to see the impact of last year’s fire on parts of the building and how, due to the heroic efforts of the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service, the vast majority of it has survived intact. He also heard about the GSA’s restoration and recovery plans.
“We were delighted that HRH the Duke of Rothesay was able to visit us today,” says Professor Tom Inns, director of The Glasgow School of Art. “His Royal Highness has been hugely supportive of the GSA over the years. This was an important opportunity for us to show him how the heroic actions of the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service ensured that Mackintosh’s masterpiece remains substantively intact.
In the library His Royal Highness also met David Page of Page \ Park, the architects practice that will lead the Mackintosh Building restoration design team. Architect David Page explained more about what the forensic archaeology had revealed in terms of how the GSA library had been created, and how this will inform Page \ Park’s approach to restoration work in this important space.
During his tour of The Mac HRH The Duke of Rothesay also learned more about the 3d visualisation of the building being created by the GSA’s world-leading Digital Design Studio. This will be a major resource during the restoration and remain as a rich archive of the work done to bring the Macintosh Building to its former glory for the students, the city and Glaswegians whose love of the building was so tangibly seen on the day of the fire.
31 May 2015
The Mac Building Images
Scaffolding along the north facade of the Mac:
Photos © Adrian Welch
31 Mar 2015
Glasgow Mac Rebuilding
Mackintosh Building Restoration Architects
Glasgow’s Page \ Park Architects to Restore the Mackintosh Building
There was a major step forward in the restoration of the Mackintosh Building today, Tuesday 31 March 2015, as The Glasgow School of Art announced the appointment of a design team led by Page \ Park Architects.
The appointment was made following presentations by a shortlist of five architecture practices earlier this month.
Glasgow School of Art Architects Shortlist:
John McAslan & Partners
Page / Park
Tom Inns told the Scottish press he wanted The Mac library to be restored ‘as closely as possible’ to Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s original.
The GSA estimates that the cost of restoring the building could reach £35m.
The Mac restoration fund was launched in June by Brad Pitt and former GSA student Peter Capaldi. The fund aims to raise £20m.
The Mackintosh Building recovery programme is expected to be completed by 2018.
31 Dec 2014
Glasgow School of Art Rebuilding
Rebuilding the Glasgow School of Art
Letter to the Glasgow Herald, by architect Thomas Orr, of traditonalist British architects ADAM architecture:
There are few countries in the world, and unfortunately Scotland now seems to be one of them, where following the destruction by fire of one of its most important architectural interiors, designed by one of its favourite architects, anything other than a faithful restoration would be contemplated (Build a new library at Mackintosh Building, not a replica, says leading architect. Saturday 20 December 2014).
Mackintosh’s work is of such importance that it is regularly included in books on architectural history. As an example, Professor David Watkin’s ‘A History of Western Architecture’ describes the Art School and library in detail, and includes the floor plans of the building and photographs of the interior of the library and the west elevation of the building (the library windows are on the west elevation). This, in a book on the subject of western architecture from ancient civilisation to the twenty first century.
The idea that the library should be redesigned because it is not a suitable working area for the staff and students does not stand up to scrutiny; there is a large and well-equipped library in another part of the School on the other side of the road.
A new design would undoubtedly ‘reference’ the Mackintosh original, and it is this approach which could be described as ‘Mockintosh’. Modernist architecture is unfortunately in vogue in Scotland, however this movement should not be allowed to take our history away as well.
The correct course of action is undoubtedly a scrupulous and scholarly restoration of a room of world importance.
Thomas Orr RIBA
The debate continues on Urban Realm: Glasgow School of Art Rebuilding
22 Dec – Debate about recreation or a new design for The Mac picks up with input by Alan Dunlop on TV
BBC S2014 Review of the Year, from 22.30:
“My own view is that we don’t restore it, you’ll create a pastiche. Think about something new…equally as beautiful”
12 Nov 2014
Fourteen architecture studios have submitted for the Glasgow School of Art’s Mackintosh building renewal, reports the AJ today. The design studios will be ‘whittled down’ into a shortlist of up to eight bidders by Christmas.
26 May 2014
Glasgow School of Art Fire
Glasgow School of Art Sprinkler System
A sprinkler system was just weeks away from being installed in Glasgow’s art school when flames ripped through the building, reports The Sunday Post.
The GSA was set to install sprinklers that could have helped put the catastrophic blaze out in minutes. The final phase of a new “fire suppression system” installation was due to begin in June. It was ordered amid fears the historic building was becoming a tinderbox. However the art school, which is partly funded by the taxpayer, struggled to attract the finance needed to complete the project.
Ironically, as news broke yesterday that the school’s iconic library had been ruined in the fire, government ministers declared they would be making a significant donation towards the costs of renovating the building.
Chief Secretary to the Treasury Danny Alexander said it would contribute “in the millions, if necessary” to restore the “priceless gem”.
The Scottish Government’s Culture Secretary Fiona Hyslop added: “We have already invested heavily in the school in recent years, contributing around £55m to the new Reid building and to conservation of the Mackintosh building.
“We know the restoration will run into millions of pounds, and we are committed to strongly supporting the funding effort required.”
The timing of the announcement wasn’t lost on artist and art promoter Richard Demarco. He said: “The building is like Scotland’s Sistene Chapel. Every part of it is a work of genius, a real one-off. The Mackintosh library, in particular, is irreplaceable. We have lost something priceless. Having spent £55 million on a new building they should have spent whatever it takes to get a sprinkler system in the Mackintosh building before now.”
The Glasgow School of Art annual report, published in 2013, said work had started on the installation of the fire suppression system. In its planning application to Glasgow City Council, officials at the school said the building had “been subjected to over 100 years use of paint, chemicals etc soaking into the fabric which undoubtedly has increased flammability.” The project involved the construction of pipes throughout the building that would spray a high pressure “mist” in the event of a fire and would be “completed during the next academic year”.
photo © Ruth Asher
Broadcaster Muriel Gray, Glasgow School of Art chairwoman, lamented the loss of the GSA library but said: “We have lost the iconic, and unique Mackintosh library. This is an enormous blow and we are devastated. But the almost miraculous news is that the majority of the building is still intact. Due to one of the most astonishingly intelligent and professional pieces of strategy by the fire services, they succeeded in protecting the vast majority of the building, apparently by forming a human wall of fire-fighters up the west end of the main staircase and containing the fire.”
Friday evening, 23 May 2014 – 23.45 GMT:
Glasgow School of Art Fire
GSA fire appeal launched by Edinburgh College of Art.
Also, a report on BBC News at Ten carries footage but no further developments, the windows of the hen run are clearly badly damaged with mullions and transoms destroyed in places, but some key information is what has happened to the Library, internal pictures and reports must surely come out on Saturday, it will have been damaged (looking at the footage and images), but how badly?
Friday evening, 23 May 2014 – 21.35 GMT:
Updated statement from the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service on the Mackintosh Building:
Firefighters battling the blaze at the iconic Macintosh Building in Glasgow City Centre have prevented the destruction of both the structure and the majority of its contents.
Scottish Fire and Rescue Service crews are continuing work to fully extinguish the fire and save artworks.
With the incident under control indications are the firefighters’ efforts have ensured more than 90 per cent of the structure is viable and protected up to 70 per cent of the contents – including many students’ work.
Read more at Glasgow School of Art Fire statement – link to GSA Press page
Video looking east at the world-famous Modernist west gable, no dialogue:
23 May 2014 – Fire crews tackled a fire at the A-listed Glasgow School of Art in the centre of the city.
Fire crews are tackling a blaze at the A-listed Glasgow School of Art in the centre of the city
photograph © Charlie Anderson
The fire appeared to have started in the basement of the Charles Rennie Mackintosh building in Renfrew Street just before 12:30. Firefighters were at the scene within 4 minutes.
Smoke and flames emerged from many window openings, aswell as through the roof and attic studios. Police cordoned off Renfrew Street. Thankfully it seems nobody was injured in the blaze.
From the photos it appears the fire is in the west side of the building, we hope to report more information soon, but this evening it seems clear from various reports that the Library on the far west side and the hen run at the top have been badly damaged, possibly destroyed. Also damaged are the main studio spaces in the west side of the building along the north facade.
photo © Adrian Welch
It is of concern that fire has spread from the basement to the roof, essentially fire damage might have occurred up the centre of the west wing, and smoke damage would most likely affect the entire building.
This is a world-famous building and we take regular architecture tours to see it outside and in, the key building in Scotland’s largest city.
We congratulate the fire service for such a speedy attendance at the scene, and thank the fire fighters for all their work.
This is devastating news for the students, but also for architecture. Scotland’s best building of the last 100 years (Cardross) lies derelict and empty, and the best building of recent centuries (the Mac) lies damaged and forlorn. However the outpouring of offers of help do show just how respected and loved this building is.
Students had been preparing for their degree show, the centrepiece of their work, which had been expected to open on Saturday.
Broadcaster Muriel Gray, former student and current chairwoman of the school, arrived and burst into tears when she saw the building in flames.
The Glasgow School of Art fire could have started when a projector burst into flames in the basement and ignited foam being used for an artwork.
Recovering the building and contents after the blaze will prove difficult for Professor Tom Inns who was only appointed director of the GSA on May 3, 2013, following Dame Seona Reid, who stepped down in 2013.
Report: Adrian Welch, architect
Glasgow School Of Art Links
Glasgow School Of Art Degree Show Review
Reid Building at Glasgow School Of Art by Steven Holl
Glasgow School of Art New Building
Steven Holl Architects’ Glasgow School Of Art Tops Out
Glasgow, May 8, 2013 – The new Glasgow School of Art, designed by Steven Holl Architects in partnership with JM Architects (Glasgow) and Arup Engineering, celebrated its topping out yesterday. The building stands across from Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s 1909 Glasgow School of Art in complementary contrast, forging a symbiotic relation in which each structure heightens the integral qualities of the other. The new building will significantly enhance the teaching, learning and research facilities available to GSA students and staff and the access the public will have to their work.
Inspired by Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s inventive manipulation of the building section to introduce and deploy light in a tremendous variety of inspiring and successful ways, the new design complements its neighbor, but moves forward using a new language of light. With well-proportioned studio and workshop spaces at the core of teaching and making art, these spaces are arranged in plan and section with natural side and top light for inspiring work environments. An homage to Mackintosh in space, “driven voids of light” allow for the integration of structure, spatial modulation and light. The driven void light shafts penetrate the building’s core and deliver natural light and vertical air circulation through the depth of the building, providing direct connectivity with the outside world through the changing intensity and color of the sky.
“With great enthusiasm we celebrate the topping out of our new building for the Glasgow School of Art. We always felt a silent facade would contrast best with the masterwork of the Mackintosh building, with behind that calm street front, inspiring interior spaces for the students and faculty. It is a joy to see them in real light,” said Steven Holl.
Senior Partner Chris McVoy added, “We have reached the moment when one can see how the new building’s exterior profile resonates with the Mackintosh building and the cityscape, while inside the central circuit draws one up though the rhythm of spatial volumes of studios and social spaces in shifting, varying light.”
The design provides much-needed design school studios and offices, technical workshops and digital media labs, lecture facilities, communal staff and student areas, exhibition spaces and a new Mackintosh interpretation center. A “circuit of connection” throughout the new GSA links the studios and communal spaces, encouraging creative abrasion across and between departments that is central to the workings of the school.
Professor Seona Reid, Director of the Glasgow School of Art, said, “Over the last year the building site has been a hive of activity as this wonderful building has risen from the ground and revealed its elegance and originality. Today’s Topping Out ceremony is a landmark occasion for all the many people who have been involved in this exciting development. We are delighted to have Steven Holl and Chris McVoy with us today along with the team from JM Architects and representatives from Sir Robert McAlpine and Arup Engineering. We are looking forward eagerly to the time when we can occupy the building and watch it providing an inspiring new environment for the creative endeavors of our staff and students.”
The new building, rated BREEAM Excellent, integrates several innovative sustainable design features, such as storm water retention, collection and reuse, and green roofs. The driven voids of light provide natural ventilation throughout the building, eliminating the need for air conditioning. A new biomass plant serves the new Glasgow School of Art, the original Mackintosh building and the Bourdon Building.
The new Glasgow School of Art building, which is set to open for the 2013/2014 academic year, is Phase 1 of the Glasgow School of Art’s Estate campus plan. Steven Holl Architects with Glasgow-based JM Architects were unanimously selected in 2009 as the winning team in an international competition for the new Glasgow School of Art.
Glasgow School of Art Photos
GSA Expansion Site + Original Building
GSA photos, taken 28 Apr 2012:
12 Jul 2011
Glasgow School of Art – New Head
GSA appoints new Head of Mackintosh School of Architecture
The Glasgow School of Art has appointed practicing architect and educator Christopher Platt as Head of the Mackintosh School of Architecture.
Currently Director of studioKAP architects and Director of Graduation Studies in the Department of Architecture at The University of Strathclyde, Christopher brings to The Glasgow School of Art an ambition to develop further the international standing of the Mackintosh School and deliver an architectural education which is holistic, integrated and crosses practice and academia.
With over 30 years in practice both in the UK and internationally, half of which has been combined with working within architectural education and research, Christopher’s research interests include dwelling and place, detail, the design process and architectural pedagogy. These, together with his ability to present a “Glasgow voice” to architectural and educational issues, his commitment to practice-led, studio-based education and research, provides a good fits with the Mackintosh School’s existing areas of research strength in environmentally sustainable architecture, urban design and place-making and provides a platform for growth.
Speaking on his appointment he said “The Mackintosh School is moving into its most exciting phase so far and it is a tremendous privilege to be part of that and lead this hugely ambitious school in a challenging time for both the architectural profession and Higher Education.”
Professor Seona Reid, Director of the GSA who led the appointment panel said “the appointment of Christopher Platt to this important role follows an exhaustive recruitment process which attracted international interest. That we were able to find someone of Christopher’s calibre and standing already working in Glasgow reflects the international position which the city and the School have in architecture and design and the talent of those working within them.”
Christopher will join the GSA at the end of October.
Christopher Platt CArch DipArch RIBA FRIAS FHEA is Senior Lecturer and Director of Graduation Studies at the Department of Architecture, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow and founding director with Rod Kemsley, of the award-winning architectural practice studioKAP whose built work has been peer reviewed and published internationally.
He is a registered architect in Great Britain and was previously a member of the Architektenkammer in Berlin. He is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and was made a Fellow of the Royal Incorporation of Architects of Scotland in 2009. He is involved in both practice-based research and research-driven practice and writes on a wide range of issues overlapping practice and academia. He was apprentice, student and design tutor at the Mackintosh School of Architecture, Glasgow, under Professors Andy MacMillan and Isi Metzstein.
He has lectured widely in the UK, Germany, Ethiopia, Malaysia and China. He has taught across all subjects in the architectural course and has been instrumental in bringing architectural education and practice closer within Strathclyde’s Architecture Department where he co-founded the Centre for 21st Century Practice to help facilitate research, pedagogy, scholarship and knowledge exchange across both disciplines.
He has been a visiting professor at the Bauhaus University in Weimar since 2004 and has previously held senior positions in architectural practices in England, Germany and Ethiopia where he has an ongoing consultancy with Abba architects. His academic appointments include invited memberships to several revalidation boards and external examination bodies.
His media appearances include TV, radio and YouTube. ‘Dwelling with Architecture’, a book co-written with Rod Kemsley exploring aspects of architecture and the architect through the issue of ‘dwelling’ will be published by Routledge in January 2012. Against the current climate of the specialist academic / generalist architect tension, he combines academic endeavour with research-quality architectural practice at studioKAP establishing a new, sustainable model for the reflective practitioner/educator in the field of architectural education. He represents both the academy and the profession within an educational landscape which traditionally finds it difficult to accommodate both at the same time.
The Glasgow School of Art and Mackintosh School of Architecture
Founded in 1845 as a Government School of Design and is one of the UK’s oldest higher education institutions for creative education and research. Today the GSA is one of the Europe’s leading university-level institutions for the creative education and research in architecture, design and fine art and is one of the few remaining independent art schools in the UK.
The excellence of GSA’s practice-based research was recognised in the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise, being ranked as the second largest visual art and design research community in the UK after the University of the Arts London with 25% of research considered to be world-leading and a further 25% internationally recognised.
The GSA has an international community of over 1900 students studying fine art, design and architecture and a growing postgraduate population of approximate 300 students. 20% of GSA students are from outside the UK.
Architecture has been taught at the GSA from 1903.
The School boasts Charles Rennie Mackintosh and Andy MacMillan and Isi Metzstein of Gillespie Kidd and Coia, Glasgow’s most notable modernist practice, amongst its most eminent alumni. More recent leading architects such as Charlie Sutherland and Charlie Hussey (Sutherland Hussey Architects); Ian Alexander and Henry McKeown (JM Architects), Gareth Hoskins (Gareth Hoskins Architects), Andrew Bow (Senior Partner, Fosters) and Andrew Whalley (Partner Grimshaw) are also graduates of the School.
The Mackintosh School of Architecture is consistently ranked by the AJ 100 as the leading architecture school in Scotland and top five in the UK and our standing is reflected in the number of international students who study with us. The Mackintosh School’s share of the international student market ranks it alongside the Bartlett UCL and the Universities of Nottingham, Sheffield and Oxford Brookes.
The School remains unique in UK architecture education by being part of an Art School – a Small Specialist Institution engaged in practice based learning and teaching, research and knowledge exchange across fine art, design, digital media and architecture subject domains.
Recognised by the Architects Registration Board and the Royal Institute of British Architects, the School is committed to developing students with the aptitude, enthusiasm and commitment for the demands of professional practice in the contemporary world.
Since 2005, 28% of Turner Prize nominees have been graduates of the GSA as have two winners – Richard Wright in 2009 and Simon Starling in 2005. Two of the nominees for the Turner Prize 2011, Karla Black and Martin Boyce, are GSA graduates.
Glasgow School of Art Contact
Address : 168 Renfrew Street, Glasgow G3 6RQ
Location: block north of Sauchiehall St around its midpoint, northwest city centre
Phone: 0141 353 4530
Glasgow School of Art Proposal on TV
picture : Steven Holl Architects
Glasgow School of Art Extension : Letter from William Curtis
Glasgow School of Art Building
Architect : Rennie Mackintosh
GSA photographs by Adrian Welch taken on 16 Apr 2011:
Glasgow Art School is probably the most well known Charles Rennie Mackintosh building and certainly his most well respected. It is still an active School of Art, with a strong reputation.
Powerful sandstone block with dark, woody interior – save the bright, white-painted ‘hen run’ high up on the south facade. The building achieves much of i6ts drama by being perched on a steep incline, and accentuating the verticality with soaring gridded oriel windows on the west facade (photos above).
Glasgow School of Art is a building of Global importance, recorded in most Histories of 20th Century Architecture.
The Art School was a powerful influence for Art Nouveau and later for Modernism. The GSA building was constructed in two phases, 1897-99 then 1906-09. Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a graduate of the GSA.
Access to the School of Art building is restricted: contact the number below to arrange a Tour by GSA students. For Tours of other buildings in the city click on ‘walking tours’.
Contact Glasgow School of Art: +44 (0)141 353 4526
Mackintosh Conservation & Access Project – Window on the Mac
Project Architects: PagePark
Interiors: ZM Architecture
Glasgow School of Art Refurb
Phase I of £8.7m Glasgow School of Art refurbishment is complete. The Mackintosh Conservation and Access Project will restore the GSA building to Rennie Mackintosh’s original design. Final building phase completed 2009.
Glasgow School of Art Architect : Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Glasgow School of Art Architectural Symposium
The Glasgow School of Art welcomes architects to centenary celebrations for the Mackintosh Building on 14 Dec 2009
The Glasgow School of Art is to host a Mackintosh Symposium on Charles Rennie Mackintosh and international student design competition from 10 – 15 Dec 2009 to mark the centenary of its iconic Mackintosh Building.
Stirling of Stirlings
RIBA Journal online poll winner : best British-designed building of the past 175 years is The Glasgow School of Art by architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
8 Jun 2009
Address: GSA, 167 Renfrew Street, off Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow, Scotland
Glasgow Walking Tours – best of Scottish Architecture
Glasgow School of Art was built in two phases: East Wing 1897-99, West Wing 1907-09.
The School – and Rennie Mackintosh – was a major influence on Enric Miralles in his designs for the Scottish Parliament.
Whilst studying at the Glasgow School of Art Rennie Mackintosh was introduced to two sisters – Frances & Margaret Macdonald. Rennie Mackintosh together with his friend Herbie MacNair formed an artistic alliance with Frances Macdonald & Margaret Macdonald: they became known as the ‘Glasgow Four’, and their Art Nouveau-inspired work became the hub of the ‘Glasgow Style’.
Glasgow School of Art context : Sauchiehall Street Buildings
In 1896 the ‘Glasgow Four’ were invited to exhibit at the London Arts &
Crafts Society Exhibition.
In 1899 Frances Macdonald & Herbie MacNair married and moved to Liverpool.
Mackintosh started the Glasgow School of Art.
In 1900 architect Rennie Mackintosh married Margaret Macdonald.
In 1903 Rennie Mackintosh moved permanently to the Willow Tearooms in Sauchiehall Street where he designed all the interior fittings plus some exterior.
Historic Glasgow : best Glasgow architecture of the past
Contact: Glasgow School of Art, E-mail – email@example.com
Rennie Mackintosh architect
Comments / photos for the Glasgow School of Art GSA page welcome
Glasgow School of Art Building – page